Gen Ch 1 God’s name in Hebrew: Elohim, God of power, this noun is masculine and plural. Yes, plural. Note that it is paired with the singular of its corresponding verb. Hence, God/Plural/One.
Gen1.1 In the beginning… So there was a beginning. What was before that? God was before that, from forever.
- English translation of the word (B’rêshîth) used for “beginning:” beginning, choice, choicest, finest, first, first fruits, foremost
- Created (bara): create, shape, fashion, form
- Heavens (shamayim): heaven, heaven and the highest, sky, visible heavens, abode of the stars
- Earth (erets): whole earth (as opposed to part), whole earth (as opposed to heavens), ground, soil
Gen 1.2 Interesting that the earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep. God started the earth with darkness, and then He moved. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Although Jesus is the Living Water, He Who gives us sustenance; waters in the plural often denote troubles, flesh, tribulation (Lamentations 3.54, Jeremiah 47.2, Psalm 18, etc.). Apparently, the earth is covered with waters, since in verse 9 He gathers the waters together and lets the dry land appear. (Also, 2 Peter 3.5 But they deliberately overlook the fact that long ago by God’s word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water…)
Gen 1.3 In the first mention of God speaking, God creates by His Word. He speaks, and there is light. Of note: God is Light (1 John 1.5), and in Him is no darkness at all. Yet, in order for there to be any other type of light, God must create it (apart from God, there was no light). Are there differences in light/Light? John, in 1 John 1.5 is not speaking of the same light he got from a candle or lantern. It would be interesting to do a word and topical study on light.
Gen 1.4, 5 God declares the light is good. But He does not decide that light will replace the darkness. He separates light from darkness; darkness continues along with the light, and they are separated. God names Day and Night; henceforth come evening and morning, the first day
Gen 1.6, 7, 8 God creates a firmament (an expanse, a visible arch of the sky) in the midst of the waters, to divide the waters from the waters; waters above and waters under. He calls the firmament Heaven. That is the second day.
The third day:
- Gen 1.9 – 13 God gathers together the waters under the heaven to let the dry land appear. The dry land He called Earth; the gathering of waters He called Seas.
- God calls the earth to bring forth grass, herbs, fruit trees.
- Verse 11 is the first mention of “seed:” so that each may produce according to its kind: His plan of propagation, the beginning of begetting.
The fourth day:
- Gen 1.14 – 19 God called for lights in the firmament of the heaven. He had specific purposes:
- To give light to the earth
- A greater light to rule the day (sun)
- A lesser light to rule the night (moon)
- To divide the light from the darkness
- He made the stars also
- To give for signs and seasons, and days and years
- Interesting that God creates grass, herbs, and fruit trees the day BEFORE he created the sun, moon, and stars.
- He created the lights in the firmament of the heaven in order to divide the day from the night; yet, in verse 4, He divided the light from the darkness. Noted: light and darkness is not the same as day and night.
The fifth day:
- Gen 1.20-23 Creation of water animals and fowl
- God said to be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas and let fowl multiply in the earth.
The sixth day:
- Gen 1.24 – 31 God creates living creatures on the earth.
- He commands the earth to bring forth the living creature: cattle, and creeping thing and beast. Water animals and birds were created before land animals. As for the land animals, they were, from creation, either wild (beast) or livestock (cattle).
- Gen 1.26 And then God says, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”
- Man & woman were created the same day as the land creatures, although after the land creatures; also the only creation made in His likeness. God gives man dominion over all the other living things He created. He gives man dominion over the earth, but not over the waters.
- “Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness:” a mention of God’s Trinity. John 1.1 states that Jesus was with God, and was God, from the beginning. Wisdom, in Proverbs 8, is depicted as being with God during Creation.
- Gen 1.27
- God created both man and woman in His image: “Man” is used to denote human; God differentiates man into male and female.
- God is Spirit (Jn 4.24) and created man in His image; therefore, man has an immortal spirit. Man and woman are created in the image of God, equally. Equally in His likeness, equally loved, equally esteemed.
- Seems a lot was packed into Day 6, and it is expanded in Chapter 2: how Adam and Eve were created; God’s command to Adam not to eat of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil; bringing all the beasts and fowl to Adam to name; Eve created from Adam’s rib.
- Gen 1.28
- God blessed them. God did not specifically bless any other of His creation, just man.
- God speaks to them. He does not directly address any of His other creation.
- “Be fruitful and multiply.” God created masses of every other living thing; but of man, He created only two. Because God is omniscient, He could see the coming of sin. In His wisdom, He created but two to be perfect, and then to be banished from the garden.
- Gen 1.29, 30 God tells man that He has given them all herbs and trees, all which bears seed upon the face of all the earth, for them to eat; and for the beasts and fowl and all that creeps to eat. No mention of eating any flesh.
- Gen 1.31 God sees all that He has made, and declares it to be very good. Light was good (v 4); dry land earth and gathering together of the waters was good (v 10); grasses, herbs, trees, fruit, seed were good (v 12); lights in the firmament were good (v18); water animals and fowl were good (v 21); everything that He had made was very good (v 31). Each of God’s creations were good; the interaction, dynamics, coordination of all together were very good.
* I like maps. Images from bibleatlas.org